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How To Become a Cryptanalyst? A Complete Guide (2023)

how to become a cryptanalyst complete guide

A cryptanalyst is an individual who can decode coded data and convert it to plain text that can be understood with ease by a common man.

Cryptanalysts can secure an organization’s data by deciphering secret messages. After all, learning how to do this gives you insight into how hackers could access this data and exploit it.

You want to put frameworks in place as a cryptanalyst to keep cybercriminals from decoding private data.

You may work in a number of commercial, political, and non-governmental organizations to achieve this role.

A cryptanalyst is an expert who specializes in data encryption and decryption. You’ll almost certainly need a Bachelor’s degree in a specific field to learn these advanced skills.

This is often the bare minimum for entry-level cryptanalyst employment. Some employers, on the other hand, can require you to have a Master’s degree.

If you are keen on knowing in-depth about the role of a cryptanalyst, we have put together a detailed blueprint on how to get started in this field.

Continue reading to learn more about the day-to-day duties of this role, as well as the qualifications, field of knowledge, and certifications required to be employed. We also show average cryptanalyst salaries and the top companies recruiting for this job.

Cryptanalysis: A Deeper Dive!

The science and art of deciphering coded messages without understanding the “key” is known as cryptanalysis.

A ‘key’ is a different piece of code that can be used to ‘unlock’ a hidden message by converting it to plain text that you can understand.

It is accomplished by breaking into cryptographic security schemes (systems that encrypt and decrypt private information), allowing them to interpret encrypted messages.

Cryptanalysis is a popular practice among hackers. On the other hand, organizations include cybersecurity personnel with the same abilities (also known as ethical hacking).

Crypto analysts will find flaws in security systems’ algorithms if they are hired (instructions that a computer follows to encode plain text).

Cryptanalysis often entails figuring out how to develop these algorithms such that hackers can’t steal the encoded data.

In the same way that penetration testers think like hackers, crypto analysts must think like them. As a result, former hackers also make excellent cryptanalysts.

Cryptanalysis and cryptography are related –, and the two practices often overlap – but there are significant variations between them.

The former entails generating the codes that decode and encrypt these messages, whereas the latter entails exposing the contents of a message that was not intended for you to see.

Cryptology, which is the mathematical study of passwords, ciphers (algorithms for performing encryption or decryption), and other similar algorithms, includes both cryptanalysis and cryptography.

Cryptanalyst: Job Roles/Responsibilities

A cryptanalyst is an expert at deciphering secret codes and creating code strings that are almost impossible to crack by hackers.

These individuals ensure that an organization’s privacy is protected by overseeing the online protection of data systems. Government departments, police agencies and the military, often assess and decipher classified messages and coding systems.

Government agencies and businesses employ cryptanalysts to ensure that their computer networks are safe and that confidential data sent over them is encrypted.

Hackers would be unable to access confidential data held by companies and their customers as a result of this.

In today’s world, shopping, online banking, and mobile phone use are all commonplace.

Credit cards, email, online banking, automated teller machines (ATM), and other online systems can all be protected by cryptanalysts.

Cryptanalysts are also working on ways to secure communication lines, such as mobile phones and wireless networks, from hackers.

Ciphers are used to encrypt confidential data such as bank account numbers, credit card numbers, and other financial information.

Computational number theories and number schemes are being used in the majority of encryption codes.

Cryptanalysts are typically mathematicians who can design, set up, and test algorithms to solve number theory problems.

If a hacker cracks a code, it’s up to the cryptanalyst to develop new strategies for encrypting data and encoding messages to hide confidential information.

Traits of a Cryptanalyst

Cryptanalysts are individuals with distinct personalities. They are investigative people, which means they are intelligent, reflective, and curious.

They are curious, methodical, sensible, analytical, and logical in their approach. Some of them are also traditional, which means they are responsible and conservative.

  • Scientific institutions,
  • Banks and trust companies,
  • Banking institutions,
  • Educational institutions,
  • Insurance companies,
  • Computer design firms,
  • Science and engineering firms,
  • Special services and intelligence agencies,
  • Federal, state, and local government agencies all employ crypto analysts.

Technology firms, consultancy firms, and telecommunications firms all use many cryptanalysts.

Differences in Cryptanalyst, Cryptographer or Cryptologist?

A cryptographer is a person who creates ciphers, security systems, and algorithms to encrypt sensitive or valuable data. The analysis of codes, both making and breaking them, is known as cryptology.

The art of constructing codes is known as cryptography. Cryptanalysis is the art of inadvertently deciphering the contents of coded messages that were not intended for you as a recipient.

As a result, a cryptanalyst is in charge of analyzing and decrypting confidential data. He or she can decrypt ciphertexts, encrypted data, or telecom protocols in various cryptographic security systems, for example.

Any encrypted message has two parts: the externals and the internals. Cryptanalysis would use the external characteristics of the message to discover the internals or the mechanism through which the encrypted message was produced.

After a successful cryptanalyst applies external analysis tools, recovers the key, and decrypts the coded message, he or she may recreate the message’s encryption method.

Cryptanalysis is the study of ciphertext, ciphers, and cryptosystems to understand how they operate so that techniques for beating or undermining them can be created.

Crypto analysts, for example, try to decode ciphertexts without knowing the plaintext source, encryption key, or encryption algorithm. Stable hashing, digital signatures, and other cryptographic algorithms are also targeted.

A cryptanalyst is a person who creates mathematical methods and codes to protect data from hackers.

Government agencies and businesses employ cryptanalysts to ensure that their computer networks are safe and that confidential data transmitted over them is encrypted.

Computational number theories and number schemes are used in the majority of encryption codes. Cryptanalysts are usually mathematicians who can design, set up, and test algorithms for solving number theory problems.

If a hacker cracks a code, it’s up to the cryptanalyst to come up with new strategies for encrypting data and encoding messages to hide confidential information.

Degrees/Skills Required

The work includes mathematics and computer science, based on the responsibilities mentioned above.

In reality, most cryptanalysts hold a bachelor’s degree in mathematics, computer science, or computer engineering. Many of them have earned a master’s degree in mathematics.

The list of math skills needed is comprehensive. College Algebra, Trigonometry, Calculus I, II, and III, Linear Algebraic Equations, Differential Equations, Partial Differential Equations, Elementary Number Theory, Introduction to Real Analysis, Analysis I and II, Methods of Complex Analysis, and Mathematical Cryptography are among the subjects covered.

Cryptanalysts use mathematics to perform the following tasks:

  • Investigate and put concepts and alternative hypotheses to the test.
  • Follow the theorems and formulas of mathematics.
  • Encode and encrypt databases and applications.
  • Carry out cryptic calculations and use numerical analysis techniques.

For the following activities, they use computer science/engineering:

  • Create hacker-proof systems for businesses.
  • Put in place security measures to keep the company and its customers secure. 
  • Make data graphs, tables, and maps.

Employers typically favor candidates with a degree in Computer Engineering, Mathematics, Computer Science, or a similar field.

If you have plenty of experience and training in the field, you won’t need a technical degree to get a cryptography job.

The NSA, for example, doesn’t care whether you have a technical or non-technical degree as long as you have the necessary experience.

An MS with 5+ years of experience, for example, may be required by one organization, while another may require a technical Ph.D.

On the other hand, some firms consider candidates with three or more years of experience in security administration or engineering. You can have to put money away as an entry-level employee.

Cybersecurity certifications open up more opportunities for cryptographers to progress in their careers and gain more money. Certifications improve field knowledge while still demonstrating competence to employers.

 The EC-Council provides an ECES program to teach students and practitioners about algorithms, cryptography, and steganography.

They engage in real-world cipher and algorithm applications when learning about symmetric, key, and asymmetric cryptography.

(ISC)2 certified information security systems specialist qualifications improve understanding of security policies and standards, meeting the Department of Homeland Security’s cybersecurity training criteria.

Individuals interested in pursuing a degree in computer science can focus on the following topics:

  • Languages like C, Python, C++, Java, and others 
  • Data structures in computers 
  • Algorithms in Computers 
  • The architecture of a computer

The EC-Council offers a Certified Encryption Specialist (ECES) program in addition to a college diploma.

Professionals and students alike will learn the fundamentals of modern symmetric and key cryptography, as well as algorithm info.

After you are through with this course, students will choose the encryption standard that is most useful to their company and learn how to implement it effectively.

Anyone in the cybersecurity industry will benefit from EC-world-class Council’s online training and certifications.

Crypto analysts are employed by educational institutions, banks and trust firms, banking institutions, insurance companies, scientific institutions, and research agencies.

Telecommunications firms, computer design firms, consulting firms, research and engineering firms, and all levels of government, including special services and intelligence agencies, are among their clients.

A Complete Roadmap to becoming a successful Cryptanalyst

A bachelor’s degree in the field of computer science, computer engineering, or a similar field is required to pursue a career in cryptography.

Elementary knowledge and skills in mathematics, computer and information technology systems, and programming languages are developed through coursework. Strong mathematical skills are required of aspiring cryptographers.

They could study mathematics and a computer-related discipline as a double major. A math major focuses on the data structures, abstract algebra, and algorithms required for a cryptology career.

A minimum of five years of thorough experience in computer and information technology security is needed for most cryptography employment.

Computer programmers, information security analysts, and computer system analysts are examples of entry-level roles that require experience with information technology security hardware and software.

Future cryptographers can gain insight into information technology architecture, organization, and leadership by working as an information technology (IT) manager or network and computer systems administrator at a mid-level.

Many employers favor cryptographers who have earned a master’s or doctoral degree. Cryptography jobs are available after completing graduate programs in cybersecurity, mathematics, or computer engineering.

Non-technical degrees in economics, English, or public administration, as well as extensive computer-related experience, will help you get a job in the industry.

Graduate programs also help students develop research and analytical skills that are useful in the field of cryptography.

Many employers favor cryptographers who have earned a master’s or doctoral degree.

Cryptography jobs are available after completing graduate programs in cybersecurity, mathematics, or computer engineering.

Non-technical degrees in economics, English, or public administration, as well as extensive computer-related experience, will help you get a job in the industry.

Graduate programs also help students develop research and analytical skills that are useful in the field of cryptography.

Masters in Cryptography: A Turbo Up a Notch!

A master’s degree can help graduates advance in their careers. A master’s degree is required for admission to a doctoral program and some specialty positions.

What does it mean to be a Master of Cryptography? Computer science, applied mathematics, and even engineering are among the subjects studied by students.

Computer architecture, algorithms, probability theory, Java, C, concepts of asymmetric cryptography, and other topics are covered in these courses. Students learn how to use ciphers and encryption mechanisms.

Information security, cryptography, and communication systems fundamentals are also covered.

After completing the basics and mandatory classes, program participants can select from various elective courses tailored to their unique career interests. For the most part, the curriculum takes two years to complete.

 With the proliferation of computers, encrypting confidential information and securing personal information has become a required skill set for information technology.

The course teaches students how to express themselves orally and in writing and how to argue and prepare them for their jobs and client relationships.

Before deciding on a program, do extensive research on the organization and program to assess the total cost. Cost ratios can change depending on a variety of factors. 

Graduates with a Master’s in Cryptography will work as university professors, security consultants, or financial consultants.

Many have progressed through the ranks of data protection to become cryptanalysts and cryptographers.

Data decoder, encryption specialist, signals analyst, and message decoder are all possible job titles.

The combination of knowledge in computer science and mathematics needed for many positions necessitates a master’s degree. The world of cybersecurity employment is rapidly evolving, opening up new opportunities for graduates.

Depending on the program, you can earn your degree at home or abroad, online or in class. Begin your quest for your program below and fill out the lead form to directly contact the institute’s admission office of your choice.

Salary of a Cryptanalyst in the US

According to the BLS, computer, and information technology-related fields are expected to rise by 12.3% between 2019 and 2028 (Bureau of Labor Statistics). Cryptographers make an annual salary of just over $73,500- according to PayScale.

Cryptographers work for a variety of organizations, including government, technology, and financial institutions.

Cryptographic professionals are employed by the Department of Defence and the National Security Agency to protect military, national security, and cybersecurity systems and data.

Cryptographers are needed by information technology companies such as Microsoft, Amazon, and Apple to secure their data and that of their users and customers.

Cryptographers are often used by banks, investment firms, and accounting firms to protect sensitive financial information.

Wrapping it up:

Staffing shortages in the cybersecurity industry are well-known, and cryptanalysis is no exception.

Being a cryptanalyst has a certain spy world appeal that attracts new mathematicians and computer scientists regularly.

However, the rapid proliferation of digital methods used in law enforcement and espionage and the relentless evolution and development of computer sciences generate new demand for cryptanalysts. And this is unlikely to change shortly.

There are no job openings for cryptanalysts if you do a basic job search- which is due to the fact that cryptanalysts in the private sector are often working under different work titles.

Cryptographers often perform cryptanalyst roles as part of their responsibilities. Job vacancies for cryptanalysts in the public sector, that is, those hired by different government agencies, are seldom advertised on traditional job boards.

Since almost all government cryptanalyst positions need high-level security clearances, this is the case. is one website that lists work openings that need a security clearance.

To even log into the website, you must have a security clearance. Applying directly to government agencies such as the FBI, CIA, DHS, NSA, and others is probably your best bet for breaking into cryptanalysis.